English Training

English Training
Kursus Bahasa Inggris Berkualitas dan Terjangkau

Tuesday, April 12, 2011

A Report Text


A.    What is Report Text?
         The first point we should be aware of is the General Definition and the Classification of each subject that we intend to write in the form of reported text.

B.     The purpose of a text/social function:
To report something, just like the way it is. The subject includes natural things, environment, social matters, or human matters. Description of a general classification.

C.    Generic structure:
  • General classification which includes the report’s subject, information, and its classification.
  • Description of the subject.
  • Use of present tense

       Compare the following examples of a report text and a descriptive text.
       Look at the examples.
       Report text (more general)
Music

         Music is sound out into pleasing or interesting patterns. People use music for a part of ceremonies, such religious services, parades, and weddings. People also use music to show their feelings and ideas.

       Descriptive text (more specific)
Music box

         Music boxes are small instruments that play tunes by themselves. The music-making parts of a music box are a cylinder and a row of metal teeth of  different lengths. A spring or a set of wheels turns the cylinder.

       In the first text, report text, the writer tells us about the music in general without telling us kind of music. It does not state  more specific music and we just know the topic in general. It just the information about music.
      Different from the second text, descriptive text, the writer tells us more specific one that is about music box. In this text, the writer tells us the description of music box to more specific one. So, the reader can identify the topic as specific as possible.
       Look again at the example of report text below.



 
Whales

      Whales are sea-living mammals. They breathe air, but they cannot survive on land.
      Some species of whales are very large. The Blue Whale with the length of 30 meters is the largest animal on earth.
      Superficially, whales look like a fish, but actually there are some differences. The tail consists of a pour of paddles and whales have a nostril on top of their head. The skin is smooth.

 D.   The Elements of the text above are as followed.
Title
Whales
General Classification
      Whales are sea-living mammals. They breathe air, but they cannot survive on land.
Description  of the subject
      Some species of whales are very large. The Blue Whale with the length of 30 meters is the largest animal on earth.
      Superficially, whales look like a fish, but actually there are some differences. The tail consists of a pour of paddles and whales have a nostril on top of their head. The skin is smooth.

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